What is the Natura 2000 Network?

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Europe has considerable biodiversity, which can be partly explained by its great climatic, topographic and geological variety, although the role of man and the relationship with the environment he has maintained for millennia has been equally important and decisive for his existence.
As a result, the gradual loss of biodiversity that European has suffered in the latter decades of the last century underlined the need to establish guidelines for the selection of areas for establishing a system or network of areas where special measures could be taken to conserve the biodiversity.
The Natura 2000 Network is a unique initiative in that it promotes sustainable development, given that, instead of excluding the people residing in each of the areas and their business activities, allows them to take part in their management, focusing on the conservation of the values which have led to them being declared compatible with the conducting of human activities. Far from identifying with other more restrictive forms of protection (national parks and nature reserves), where human activity is limited to the conservation of endangered biota, no limitations to human activities are imposed in most of the areas of the Natura 2000 Network; instead, they are oriented towards their compatibility with the conservation of habitats and species, favouring sustainable development.
The Natura 2000 Network is thus designed as an initiative for the harmonious and sustainable co-existence of economic development and the conservation of our most important ecological values, with as active participation as possible in the management of these areas on the part of the inhabitants of these areas, the administrations and all the sectors involved.

Foto: Domingo Rivera. "La Red Natura 2000 se dibuja como un programa de convivencia armoniosa entre el desarrollo económico sostenible y la conservación de nuestros valores ecológicos más importantes"


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